What is the purpose of this study?
This study aims to develop a tool to assess the impact of human actions on penguin welfare (i.e. anthropogenic effects on penguins). The tool is based on a widely used approach to assess animal welfare which is called the five domains model. In this study we will assess if this is a useful tool to estimate wild penguin welfare. After our assessment, the tool will be made available to anyone who needs to make decisions that consider penguin welfare in management and policy.
Why have I been invited to participate in this study?
We are seeking participants who have an interest and/or expertise in penguin biology, animal health or animal welfare.
What does this study involve?
If you would like to participate, this SurveyMonkey questionnaire is comprised of two parts and will take about 15 minutes to complete. The first short section will provide us with some broad insight into your background and experience. The second section will present 5 brief hypothetical scenarios that describe the day of a penguin. You will be asked to assess how the events of the day influence the penguin. The questionnaire is anonymous; no-one will be able to identify your answers and no-one will know what you have written.
Are there risks and benefits to me in taking part in this study?
There are negligible risks to participation which is voluntary and you may choose to not answer a question. No record of your identity will be collected by the researchers. Undertaking this questionnaire may illustrate the potential threats to penguin welfare, and we will disclose our findings in publication or on request. Penguin conservation can be an emotive topic and reading the scenarios may be distressing for some participants. You are encouraged to seek professional help if the survey raises any difficult or distressing issues.
How is this study being paid for?
This study is supported by a Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) grant.
Will taking part in this study cost me anything, and will I be paid?
There will be no cost to you for participating in this study; we only require your time to answer the questionnaire. Participation is voluntary and there are no payments for participation.